Wind Turbine Sound and Health Effects: An Expert Panel Review
This literature review on perceived health effects of wind turbines was conducted in December 2009 by a scientific advisory panel for AWEA and the Canadian Wind Energy Association. Following review, analysis, and discussion of current knowledge, the panel reached consensus on the following conclusions:
- There is no evidence that the audible or sub-audible sounds emitted by wind turbines have any direct adverse physiological effects.
- The ground-borne vibrations from wind turbines are too weak to be detected by, or to affect, humans.
- The sounds emitted by wind turbines are not unique. There is no reason to believe, based on the levels and frequencies of the sounds and the panel’s experience with sound exposures in occupational settings, that the sounds from wind turbines could plausibly have direct adverse health consequences.